- Enjoy a scenic drive from Kathmandu to Arughat.
- Walk the ‘off-the-beaten path’ of the Manaslu region.
- Experience the distinctive traditional Tibetan culture and customs.
- Visit sacred caves and ancient Buddhist monasteries.
- Enjoy the stunning views of Mt. Manaslu, Himchuli, and Ganesh Himal.
- Traverse through the cascading rivers, waterfalls, and suspension bridges.
- Learn about the unique culture and way of life of the locals.
The Tsum Valley Trek is an adventurous 'off the beaten path trek' in the Manaslu region of Nepal. Tsum valley is situated near the Tibetan border and is one of the most secluded valleys in Nepal. Tsum Valley lies against the majestic backdrop of the Ganesh, Sringi, and Boudha Himal ranges. This tranquil valley is rich in ancient art, culture, and religion. Principally, the Tsum valley was a distinct geographical area called Tsum Tso Chucksums, which means thirteen provinces ruled as a single territory. The remains of the ancient Kingdom are still visible today. The local people are known as Tsumbas. And they are of Tibetan origin and have their own unique culture and tradition.
This valley remained hidden from the outside world until 2008. Hence, it is still not as exposed as other regions of Nepal. It is still the least visited, virgin, and off the beaten path. Being one of the remotest Himalayan valleys, it remains untouched and unexplored. The Tsum Valley Trek route, strewn with artistic Chortens, lined with Mani walls made of thousands of stone slabs carved with drawings of deities and inscribed with prayers. The Tsum Valley is also uniquely rich in wildlife, especially the Himalayan Thar, Blue Sheep, Musk Deer, and Snow Leopard. Only a few trekkers have made it to this mysterious valley to date.
We begin our Tsum Valley Trek with a scenic drive from Kathmandu to Arughat and continue to Soti Khola. The Tsum Valley Trek begins from Soti Khola, it is a gradual uphill hike up the upper Budi Gandaki River valley through the unexplored countryside. The Tsum Valley Trek trail goes past the village of Tatopani, Jagat, and Philim. From Lokpa, the trail heads east towards Chhokang Paro, leaving the main Manaslu trekking route and entering the Tsum valley. The region offers an unspoiled culture and tradition with a fabulous mountain view. We also pass through the alpine forests and glacial rivers, enjoying the warm hospitality of ethnic people. Besides the Tsum Valley Trek, Manaslu Circuit Trek is also equally off the beaten with the least number of visitors.
Day 1: Arrive in Kathmandu
Upon arrival, meet our representative and transfer to the hotel. In the afternoon, depending on your arrival time, you will have the option to stroll around the local street and tourist market of Thamel. Welcome dinner in the evening in a typical Nepali restaurant with a cultural performance. Overnight stay in Kathmandu.
Day 2. In Kathmandu
After breakfast, half-day sightseeing in and around Kathmandu city. We will visit some of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites with other interesting cultural monuments. We will visit the Bouddhanath Stupa (the largest Buddhist shrines in the world), Pashupatinath (the holiest Hindu temple in the world), and Kathmandu Durbar Squares (Palaces and fortresses of medieval Kings) as per your available time. Later we will have a short briefing regarding the trek. Overnight stay in Kathmandu.
Day 3: Kathmandu-Aarughat-Soti Khola(730m/8-9hrs)
Today we start our journey towards Soti Khola via Aarughat. The drive up to Dhading Besi is over the tarmac road. Hereafter, it is over a dirt road and could be bumpy. The route goes past several small villages and towns through the Nepalese countryside. Arughat Bazaar is a cluster of buildings on both sides of the Budhi-Gandaki river, connected by a suspension bridge. From Arughat, it is about two hours drive to Soti Khola. Overnight stay in Soti Khola.
Day 4: Soti Khola - Machha Khola(930m/5-6hrs)
After breakfast, we continue our journey towards Machha Khola. From Soti Khola, it is a steep uphill climb through a densely forested valley past several small villages like Armala, Lapu Bensi, and Khani Besi. Overnight stay in Machha Khola.
Day 5: Machha Khola - Jagat(1,300m/7hrs)
This morning we continue our journey toward Jagat. The trail passes through remarkable villages and farmlands, and the vegetation changes slowly. After crossing the bridge, we head upstream to the tiny hamlet of Kholabesi and the hot springs of Tatopani. We climb on a wide, well-crafted staircase and cross to the west bank of the Budhi Gandaki, ascend over a ridgeline, and finally trek along the river valley towards the village of Jagat. Overnight stay in Jagat.
Day 6: Jagat - Lokpa(2,240m/6hrs)
Today we continue further to Lokpa. The early part of the trek is a gentle uphill hike, followed by a flat path across the suspension bridge over the Budi Gandaki and entering a Gurung-inhibited Philim village. We continue and reach Lokpa village, the first village in the Tsum valley region. Overnight stay in Lokpa.
Day 7: Lokpa trek to Chumling(Lower Tsum)(2,360m/5hrs)
Today we ascend towards Chumling village. Chumling village is situated facing south of the Shingri Himal. Today we will visit the village Gompa and explore the village area. Overnight stay in Chumling.
Day 8: Chumling to Chokhangparo(Upper Tsum)(3,510m/5hrs)
Today our destination is the village of Chhokangparo. We cross over the suspension bridge onto the opposite bank with great views of Ganesh Himal. The trail passes Sarpu Khola and arrives at Gho Village. Finally, a steep climb of about 2 hrs will bring us to Chhokangparo village in the Upper Tsum Valley. Overnight stay in Chokhangparo.
Day 9: Chokhangparo to Nile(3361m/5hrs)
Today we trek north towards Nile, the last village in the Upper Tsum valley. We pass through numerous Gompas and Chortens along the way. We continue along past Phurbe and Pangdung and eventually reach the Nile. Overnight stay in Nile. Overnight stay in Nile/Chule.
Day 10: Nile/Chhule to Mu Gompa(3700m/5hrs)
Today we follow the old Tibet trade route to reach Mu Gompa. Mu Gompa is the largest Gompa in this region, with statues of Guru Rimpoche and Aviloketeshwor. We will also visit Dhephyudonma Gompa, the oldest monastery in the Tsum valley. It is about a 2 hrs walk from the village of Chule or Nile. Overnight stay in Mu Gompa.
Day 11: Mu Gompa - Rachen Gompa(3240m/5hrs)
After breakfast, we head towards Rachen Gompa, a Buddhist nunnery. Rachen Gompa is the largest nunnery in the Tsum valley. It lies in the foothills of the mountains bordering Nepal and Tibet in the Shiar Khola valley. It houses one thousand statues of Aviloketeshwar, a throne, a pillar, and a large prayer wheel. The interior is painted richly with murals about Buddhist philosophy. We return down the valley through Chhule and continue as far as Phurba. Walk on the east bank of the Shiar Khola and cross flat boulder-covered plains following the power lines to Rachen Gompa. Overnight stay in Rachen Gompa.
Day 12: Rachen Gompa – Dumje(2460m/5-6hrs)
The trek from Rachen Gompa to Dumje (2460) will take about 6 hrs. From here, we will follow a different trail and reach Dumje. Overnight stay in Dumje.
Day 13: Dumje – Gumpa Lungdang(3200m)
The hike from Dumje to Gumpa Lungdang is an uphill ascend. It will take about 5 hrs to reach Gumpa Lungdang. Overnight stay in Gumpa Lungdang.
Day 14: Gumpa Lungdang – Lokpa(2,240m)
Today we hike downhill toward Lokpa. It will take about 6-7 hours to reach Lokpa. Overnight stay in Lokpa.
Day 15: Lokpa – Jagat
After breakfast at Lokpa, we hike down to Jagat. The trail goes through dense rhododendron forests and joins the main Manaslu trail. We hike past the villages of Ekle Bhatti, Philim, and Sirdibas and finally reach Jagat. Overnight stay in Jagat.
Day 16: Jagat – Maccha Khola
Today we will retrace our steps back to Machha Khola. Overnight stay in Machha Khola.
Day 17: Machha Khola – Aarughat
Today is the last day of your Tsum Valley Trek. After breakfast, we head towards Aarughat. The hike is easy and mostly downhill. Overnight stay in Aarughat.
Day 18: Drive to Kathmandu
After breakfast, drive to Kathmandu. On arrival, transfer to your hotel. Overnight stay in Kathmandu.
Day 19: Departure
Transfer to the airport in time for your departure flight.
MealsOnly breakfast while in Kathmandu, all meals during the trek
Trip Accommodation3-4* category hotels in Kathmandu and local village lodge during the trek
RouteKathmandu-Arughat-Soti Khola-Machha Khola-Jagat-Lokpa-Chumling-Chokangparo-Nile-Mu Gompa-Rachen Gompa-Dumje-Gompa Lungdang-Lokpa-Jagat-Machha Khola-Arughat-Kathmandu
Trip Type Trekking
Trip SeasonsBest during spring and autumn
Best MonthsMarch, April, May, October, November
Good MonthsFebruary, September
Lean MonthsJune, July, August
Not RecommendJanuary, December
Prices & Dates
- All transfers by private vehicle.
- Sightseeing and monument entrance fee.
- Accommodation in the above listed or similar(3-4*) hotels in Kathmandu and local village lodges during the trek.
- Only breakfast during the stay in Kathmandu and all meals during the trek.
- One welcome/farewell dinner in Kathmandu.
- English-speaking local guide along with a porter(one porter for every two pax) during the trek.
- Guide, porter, and trekking staff insurance.
- All necessary paperwork and permit (MCAP/RAP).
- All Government taxes and service charges.
- Nepal entry visa.
- International flight to and from Kathmandu.
- Lunch and dinner or any other meal not specified above.
- Personal Travel Medical Insurance.
- Personal expenses like bar and beverages, tips and gratuities, laundry, telephone, battery recharge, etc.
- Hot showers during the trek.
- Any extra cost incurred due to unforeseen circumstances or early return from the trek.
- All other personal expenses that are not listed in the included section.
Hem Raj Bastola is a permanent inhabitant of Pokhara-25. He has been working as a tour and trekking guide since 2010. Formerly he has worked as a guest service agent at the hotel Pokara Grande. He started his career as a Cave guide, ticket sales man at Gupteshwor Mahadev Cave in Pokhara. So must of his working experience is related to tourism and hospitality industry. Beside his guiding profession, he enjoys reading and writing poetry. His poets have been published in different forums and medias. When get free time loves to work in the field as well.