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General Information Nepal

Nepal and Himalayas-the two names go side by side. Nepal, in political maps, is one of the smallest countries of the world but has the amazingly diverse geography, landscapes, culture and traditions. Nepal, situated in the lapse of might Himalayas, is regarded as Dev Bhumi the land of gods and world’s two major religions Hinduism and Buddhism co-exist in perfect religious tolerance.

The rich tapestry of the cultural heritage of Nepal is synthesized in the Kathmandu Valley.

The three ancient cities of the Valley- Patan, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur-represent an epitome of harmony in urban design, elegant architecture and refined culture. These cities pack a concentration of religious monuments unequalled in the world including UNESCO recognized World Heritage Sites.

Area: 140,800 sq km

Population: 23 million

Capital city: Kathmandu

People and ethnics:
Brahmins, Chhetris, Newars, Gurungs, Magars, Tamangs, Rais, Limbus, Sherpas, Bishwakarma etc

Languages
Nepali is the national language. Different ethnics have different primary languages.

Religion
Hindu, Buddhist and Muslim

Government
Parliamentary Democracy

GDP: US$27.4 billion

GDP per head: US$1100

Annual growth: 6%

Inflation: 2.1%

Major industries
Tourism, Handicraft, Agriculture and Water Resources