Amber Fort || Amber Fort
Amer or Amber Fort is located in Amer about 11 kilometres from Jaipur. It is one of the principal tourist attractions in the Jaipur area, located high on a hill. Amer Fort, as it stands now, was built in 1592 over the remnants of earlier Palace, during the reign of Raja Man Singh, who was a Commander in Chief of Emperior Akbar’s army. The structures was fully expanded by his descendant, Jai Singh I. Even later, Amer Fort underwent improvements and additions by successive rulers over the next 150 years, until the Kachwahas shifted their capital to Jaipur during the time of Sawai Jai Singh II, in 1727.
Amer Fort is known for its artistic style, blending both Hindu and Mughal elements. The fort with its large ramparts, series of gates and cobbled paths, overlooks the Maota Lake, at its forefront. The aesthetic ambiance of this formidable fort is seen within its walls on a four level (each with a courtyard) layout plan in well turned out opulent palace complex built with red sandstone and marble consisting of the Diwan-e-Aam or the "Hall of Public Audience", the Diwan-e-Khas or the "Hall of Private Audience", the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace) or Jai Mandir, and the Sukh Niwas where a cool climate is artificially created by winds that blow over the water cascade within the palace.
This fort along with Jaigarh Fort located immediately above on the Cheel ka Teela Hill is considered as one complex, as the two are well connected by subterranean passage. This passage was meant as an escape route in times of war for the royal family members and others in the Amer Fort to shift to the more redoubtable Jaigarh Fort.