Jaipur || Pink City
Jaipur is also popularly known as the Pink City, and is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. Jaipur is one of the finest planned cities of India. It was founded on 18 November 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, and was built following the principles of Shilpa Shastra, the science of Indian Architecture. The city was divided into nine blocks, of which two consist the state buildings and palaces, with the remaining seven allotted to the public. Huge fortification walls were built along with seven strong gates .In 1853, when the Prince of Wales visited Jaipur, the whole city was painted pink to welcome him. Today, avenues remain painted in pink and provide a distinctive appearance to the city
At present, Jaipur is a major business centre with all requisites of a metropolitan city. It is a very famous tourist and education destination in India, and tourists come to visit various forts and monuments that reflect its glorious past.
Jaipur’s famous forts and monuments are Hawa Mahal, Amber Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh Fort, City Palace, Jantar Mantar, Jal Mahal, Rambagh Palace, Central Museum, (Albert Hall Museum). Jaipur is also dotted with numerous temples and religious places. One can find temples in almost every street. Some of the famous temples in Jaipur include Govind Dev Ji Temple, Galtaji, Lakshmi Narayan Mandir (commonly known as Birla Temple), Garh Ganesh Temple, Shila Devi Temple in Amber, Tadkeshwara Mahadev, Panchayati Hall, Radha Govind Ji Temple. The All Saint's Church near Mirza Ismail Road built more than 130 years ago by the rulers of Jaipur for the small Christian population is an excellent example of the high quality of workmanship during that period. Other places of interest are Chand Baori (stepwell), Chokhi Dhani (a village resort), Kathputhli slum, Raj Mandir Cinema (a movie theater opened in 1973).