Nepal's first national park
Chitwan National Park (CNP) is one of the renowned national parks in the world situated in lowland Nepal, 160 km, southwest from Kathmandu. The park holds highest density of Tiger and 2nd highest density of one honed rhinoceros in the world. United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has recognized CNP as a world heritage site. The park is a successful testimony of nature conservation in South Asia. This is the first national park of Nepal established in 1973 to preserve a unique ecosystem significantly valuable to the whole world.
The park consists of Chure Hills, ox-bow lakes, and flood plains of Rapti, Reu and Narayani rivers. There are more than 50species of mammals in the park. The population of endangered species of animals are gaur, wild elephant, four horned antelope, striped hyena, pangolin, gigantic dolphin, monitors lizard and python, etc. Some of the other animals found in the park are sambar, chital, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, common leopard, palm civet, wild dog, langur, rhesus monkey, etc. There are over 450 species of birds in the park. Among the endangered birds found in the park are Bengal Florican, giant hornbill, lesser florican, black stork and white stork. Few of the common birds seen are peafowl, red jungle fowl, and different species of egrets, herons, kingfishers, flycatchers and woodpeckers. The best time for bird watching is March and December. Chitwan is also a place to learn about the Tharu indigenous culture. During your trip to Chitwan, you will get chance to visit the Tharu villages and most of the resorts in Chitwan organize Tharu dance shows to entertain the tourists. This is a unique place to visit where you get both natural and cultural diversity in a Himalayan country.