Famous for wild water buffalo
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, an area of 175 sq km, is a wetland of international significance. Established in 1976 its home to more than 280 bird species including 20 duck species, 2 species of ibises, many storks, egrets and herons. The endangered swamp partridge and Bengal Florican are found here. The Koshi Barrage is an extremely important resting-place for migratory birds.
The last surviving population of wild buffalo or arna is found here. The reserve is also home to many types of mammals such as hog deer, spotted deer, wild boar and blue bull. The endangered Gharial crocodile and gigantic dolphin have been recorded in the Koshi River. The vegetation mainly includes tall grasslands with a few patches of Khair-sissoo (Acacia catechu)- (Dalbergia) scrub forest and deciduous mixed reverie forest.
The best time to visit this fabulous wildlife reserve is between October to March when many migratory and local birds can be sighted by the barrage and many of the river channels. Numerous Himalayan peaks including the Makalu I (8,463 m), the 5th highest mountain in the world can be seen during the clear time of the year.
The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is accessible by 45 minutes flight to Biratnagar from Kathmandu followed by one and half hour drive. People heading towards Nepal from Darjeeling or Sikkim, can make stop in Koshitappu and enjoy jungle safari excursions.